What are the mental health risks of methamphetamine use? :: The National Alcohol and Drug Knowledgebase

  • Freilla Espinola
  • March 3, 2021

what does meth do to someone

They might also behave aggressively or compulsively, be more physically active than usual, and perform meaningless, repetitive tasks. Additionally, they might be unusually paranoid and express confusion or detachment from reality. People on meth often have outbursts, talk incessantly, twitch their faces, exhibit rapid eye movement, and avoid sleep or rest. Meth addiction treatment is the most important step toward overcoming health problems caused by the drug. Once a person learns to live without meth, several side effects will stop occurring.

Effects of Meth Addiction

There’s ongoing research into the health effects of secondhand meth smoke. Still, you may test positive for the drug if you’re around the smoke. If you use meth on a regular basis, it can change your brain’s dopamine system.

what does meth do to someone

Short-Term Effects of Using Meth

what does meth do to someone

A meth comedown can cause depression, fatigue, anxiety, hypersomnia, paranoia, restlessness, and other uncomfortable symptoms. Withdrawal can cause similar symptoms, but they are often more severe. alcohol consumption can be a double-edged sword for chronic kidney disease patients pmc Meth withdrawal symptoms can include severe depression, sleep problems, and powerful drug cravings. Meth sometimes floods the brain with so much dopamine that it damages dopamine receptors.

Avoiding The Negative Symptoms Of Meth Use

Methamphetamine was developed early in the 20th century from its parent drug, amphetamine, and was used originally in nasal decongestants and bronchial inhalers. Like amphetamine, methamphetamine causes increased activity and talkativeness, decreased appetite, and a pleasurable sense of well-being or euphoria. Using meth triggers the release of large amounts of the chemical dopamine in the brain, resulting in feelings of extreme happiness and pleasure. This high is addictive and causes people to crave the drug repeatedly in order to achieve it. If you or someone you know is struggling with crystal meth addiction, The Recovery Village is willing and ready to help on your road to recovery. Together with our team of trained medical professionals, you can gain the tools needed to help overcome your addiction and live a healthier, safer life.

What are the mental health risks of methamphetamine use?

On the street, the drug goes by the names crystal meth, meth, crank, ice, chalk, crystal, and speed. At Hazelden Betty Ford addiction treatment centers, evidence-based approaches to drug addiction treatment are utilized by a licensed and accredited multidisciplinary care team. Our treatment program options include cognitive-behavioral therapy, Twelve Step facilitation and medication-assisted therapies. If you or a loved one is addicted to meth, call us to learn about rehab options and start living the life you deserve. With amphetamine placed under federal control, illegal drug suppliers found that ephedrine, used in over-the-counter cold medicine, produces methamphetamine, according to Frontline. It didn’t take long for crystal meth to become “discovered” in the 1980s.

what does meth do to someone

What Are The Meth Withdrawal Symptoms?

  1. These things can lead to serious tooth decay or gum disease.
  2. An overdose can lead to a high body temperature, heart attack, and seizure.
  3. The drug can be smoked, snorted, and injected intravenously.
  4. Once again, if you know that someone is using meth, call a treatment provider today to learn more about how you can help them and their treatment options.
  5. You may notice a sudden loss of interest in other areas of life.
  6. Individuals who regularly use meth will experience some level of bingeing and crashing, and they will experience unpleasant effects.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), around 2.6 million people aged 12 years and older used methamphetamine in the United States in 2019. NIDA also estimated that 1.5 million of them (approximately 57.7%) have a misuse disorder. If you or a loved one are addicted to meth, it’s important to seek treatment immediately. There are evidence-based treatments that can help you live a drug-free life.

One of the most dangerous effects of meth on the body is the increase in sex drive and the lowering of sexual inhibitions among some users, which puts them at risk for sexually transmitted diseases. Meanwhile, these chemicals impair the judgment centers of the brain. “You do things detox when you’re on meth that you would never do sober,” explains Peter Staley, a former meth user. Also, because the drug increases energy and stamina, users may have more aggressive sex for longer periods of time, increasing the chances of injury and the danger of spreading infection.

If you know the signs to look for, you can quickly recognize an overdose and get the person’s help. Most people have heard of meth, thanks to the efforts of public health officials, law enforcement agencies, and even pop culture. The U.S. National Library of Medicine pregabalin: uses dosage side effects and warnings says meth is a potent stimulant that is only available illegally. In some individuals, this loss of control may be represented by selling items to buy drugs, engaging in criminal activities, or participating in other types of risky behaviors to get meth.

Dependent users develop a tolerance to methamphetamine, and need to take larger doses of the drug to achieve the same effect and feel ‘normal’. The urge to use methamphetamine can become more important than other activities in their lives, resulting in poor physical and mental health, social and financial problems, and family and social breakdown. Meth works with a chemical in your brain called dopamine, which is a natural “feel-good chemical” that is tied to reward, motivation, and pleasure. Meth increases the release of dopamine and prevents it from being removed, which floods your brain with the chemical.

The use of meth in individuals with ADHD creates a complex scenario that complicates the approach toward treating and managing their condition. When the patient is admitted to the hospital, they may receive care from a cardiologist and be evaluated by a psychiatrist. Doctors who treat the overdose can check for HIV and hepatitis, and refer the patient to treatment centers. Those who take too much meth may not even notice what they have done, which increases their risks of overdose.

Once the meth cravings fade, the patient can begin to engage in treatment programming. Enter your phone number below to receive a free and confidential call from a treatment provider. It’s always a bad idea to use an illicit drug in an attempt to counteract the effects of another illicit drug. Producers often mix it with other substances, including fentanyl. Social consequences of long-term use include financial pressures, problems with work, and challenges with family relationships.

So, once that euphoria wears off, they may take more in order to continue enjoying that feeling. The effects of meth can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours, depending on how you take the drug and how often you use it. The U.S. government has labeled meth a schedule II drug, which means it has a high potential for misuse but is legal in certain contexts. For instance, the ADHD medication Desoxyn contains methamphetamine. People who have been taking meth for some time have already suffered irreversible damage to their cardiovascular system that puts them at risk for death. Even if the death doesn’t directly occur from a meth overdose, meth use (particularly in high doses) leads to many deaths.

You may also get bruises around the injection sites or have trouble with blood flow through injured veins. If you’d like to stop using meth, you have options for confidential support and treatment. In 2020, about 1.5 million people in the United States over the age of 12 had meth use disorder. Meth produces more reward chemicals than your brain can fully handle.

Abusers of the drug experience dysfunctional levels of hyperactivity and decreased attention, and can even experience hallucinations and paranoid delusions. These could be telltale signs that a person has taken too much meth. Because meth is so strong, overdose signs may be evident more quickly than with other drugs. Methamphetamine use may also make existing mental health conditions (e.g. depression, anxiety) worse.

For example, you may have problems with coordination or learning. Your chances of getting Parkinson’s disease (a movement disorder) may go up. Some people who use meth see or hear things that aren’t there. The odds of this happening to you are higher if you go on a multiday meth binge without sleeping. Some people swallow it in a pill form or smoke it by heating up crystals in a glass bowl or pipe and breathing in the vapors.

These things can lead to serious tooth decay or gum disease. People who frequently use meth often have teeth that break, turn black, rot, or fall out. Some of the negative effects of meth use, including hallucinations or movement issues, may go away in the weeks or months after you stop using the drug.

These hallucinations are sometimes called meth bugs, crank bugs or meth mites. The high caused by meth often makes the person unaware of or unconcerned about the side effects of the drug. People who go on meth benders — using meth repeatedly for several days — may go days without eating because of the drug’s effects on appetite.

  • Freilla Espinola
  • March 3, 2021